by Michael Feist, Hamburg
from Hamburger Hefte Journal Nr. 177/2016, p. 25
The graphic linear and circular ephemeris have a long and important tradition in the Hamburg School. While the graphic circle ephemeris (see left) gradually lost importance with the increasing computerization since the early 1990s, the graphic linear ephemeris remained an integral part of the Hamburg method - for 90 years now. Unfortunately, the lines and intersecting lines sometimes seem confusing to the untrained eye, while the application of the graphic ephemeris is incredibly simple and yet effective. Beginners, even without a formal education, can benefit greatly from the linear ephemeris after a short introduction. There is hardly any other prognostic method with which one can learn so quickly the analysis of the constellations in the radix, directed (or progressive) and transit. In 1926 Ludwig Rudolph presented a new development in his book "Das Linear- oder Streifenhoroskop und seine Verwendung" ("The Linear or Striped Horoscope and its Use"), which led to more order and more effective results in connection with the graphic linear ephemeris. He was convinced of his discovery and registered his development of a special measuring strip as a utility model with the Patent Office (DRGM No. 857709). Ludwig Rudolph on graphic representations in his writing:
"For the sake of simplicity and clarity, graphic works have long since been given their due place in the sciences and technology and, of course, should not be missing from serious astrological research.
The Hamburger Schule has paid special attention to these fields for a long time, and their successes and progress have been significantly influenced in a favourable sense. Also the calculations of the much disputed transneptunian planets have become possible only by means of the graphic way.
[...] The Hamburger Schule uses graphical representation of the celestial bodies for a period of 1 to 3 months at a size of 1 to 2 meters. Such designs [...] can, of course, only be dedicated to special purposes, but one can also take from them trigger constellations exactly to the hours of the day".
Since the early 1930s, but especially since 1936, Witte-Verlag has regularly published graphic circular and linear ephemerides in standardized form. An advertising leaflet showing four miniaturized linear ephemerides as pocket companions as well as a round graphic ephemeris has been preserved.
Ludwig Rudolph wrote here in his accompanying text: "What will the New Year bring? - Great news from the Witte-Verlag publishing house as the announcer of Alfred Witte's German cosmobiological idea! What kind of news? You will hear this from us on a case-by-case basis. Under the spring sun of the new year, the ice of the last two years will have melted to make way for a new life and movement in the Witte-Circle. Also the Rules Book will be expected again.
The former 90° linear ephemeris had a size of 30x60cm (today 21x29cm). They showed all Transneptunians as well as Pluto and indicated further on the line of the sun the moon phases. –
by Michael Feist, Hamburg
from Hamburger Hefte Journal 179/2018, p. 5-6
Albert Kniepf (1853-1924) was a philosopher, literary critic and astrologer. At the end of the 19th century, Kniepf contributed significantly to the serious revival of astrology in Germany with his publications and his personal commitment. What was special about Albert Kniepf was that he did not only refer to former traditions, but also particularly committed himself to the modernization of astrology in the sense of a modern science. Kniepf thus became the first spokesman for a development that a few years later led to an innovative astrological scene with a scientific claim.
In his writing, in this issue: "The Psychic Effects of the Celestial Bodies - Physical Foundations of Horoscopy and Astrology in Outline" (1898), Kniepf makes clear his philosophically scientific point of view. Kniepf used scientific and boundary-scientific findings and the principles of nature in analogy to astrological hypotheses.
Anyone who has studied the works of Alfred Witte (1878-1941) will find clear parallels to Albert Kniepf. Alfred Witte writes in a similar line of argumentation and also refers to the scientific findings of numerous scientists, which I dealt with in detail in my article "Alfred Witte's Cosmology", HH 2011/172.
Witte adopted Kniepf's concept of magnetic fields, and slightly modified the division into colours. Everyone who knows Witte's older 360° disc will remember the colours of the zodiac and the fields. This segmentation was for Witte an important basis for the astrological evaluation of known and unknown planets. There is no doubt that Kniepf had an important influence on Witte's theoretical approaches. This was no coincidence, because the 25 years older Kniepf belonged to Alfred Witte's personal circle of acquaintances.
A research on addresses that I carried out revealed a detail that had remained unknown until now, but which nevertheless contributed to a closer understanding: Kniepf and Witte lived in the immediate vicinity in the Hamburg-Borgfelde district. Only two parallel streets separated the apartments. The personal closeness may have given the relationship of trust a special touch in a common cause. The following report by Wilhelm Hartmann (astronomer and later director of the Nuremberg Observatory) undoubtedly illustrates a special relationship:
»In 1914 [...], when I first met the Hamburg astrologer Alfred Witte, I urged him to process and publish the extensive astrological material stacked at Witte. But the war initially hindered the execution of this plan. Witte was drafted soon after the outbreak of war and made all his material available to Mr. Albert Kniepf, Hamburg, in the event of his death«, 1925, cf. "Der Mensch...", p. 297.
Witte published articles that can be seen as a direct extension of Albert Kniepf's lines of argument, such as "The magnetic colours of the signs of the zodiac" (1920), cf. "Der Mensch...", p. 22.
One even has the impression that Witte's first public article was inspired by Albert Kniepf's way of thinking, see "Considerations about color, number, tone" (1913), "Der Mensch", p. 17.
In the past, these parallel theoretical approaches led to the assumption that Alfred Witte's working method was based on Albert Kniepf's ideas. Ludwig Rudolph approached a student of Kniepf for clarification. She explained unequivocally that Witte's method differed from Kniepf's method and was something in its own right. —
With deep personal concern, we must inform you that Bernd Singer, long-time author and member of the editorial staff of the German Uranian Journal (Hamburger Hefte), passed away on 20 August 2019 shortly after the current Journal went to press. Bernd Singer has been known to our readers for 30 years. Since 1989, Bernd has demonstrated his skills in more than 100 articles in the our Hamburg Journal. Bernd was co-founder and board member of the Astrological Study Centre Hamburg School (Astrologisches Studienzentrum Hamburger Schule; 2015), which is committed to the tradition of the Astrologers Association Hamburg School (Astrologenverein Hamburger Schule; 1925). Members and guests of the Study Centre have always enjoyed his lectures with great attention. Bernd Singer's way of performing astrological lectures was based on clear evidences paired with a pleasant humour and very friendly charisma.
Bernd Singer began his studies in 1981 with the so-called "classical or traditional astrology" and the Munich Rhythm Theory (Münchner Rhythmenlehre). In 1987 he continued his studies with the Uranian method. In 1994 Bernd became editor of the Hamburger Hefte Journal for the section “working tasks” (Arbeitsaufgaben). In 1997 his astrology book "Romy Schneider” (the astrological biography of an actor) attracted a lot of attention. This textbook gives an overview of the theory, technique and analysis of symmetrical astrology. One of Bernd's goals was to highlight the similarities between "traditional astrology" and the Uranian Astrology. For this reason he didn’t use Uranian planets in his book. Bernd Singer oriented himself strongly to the writings of Alfred Witte and in particular to Ludwig Rudolph, whose textbook "Leitfaden der Astrologie" Bernd Singer regarded as the most successful textbook of the Uranian technique and therefore became a model for his own book. At the 4th conference of the International Uranian Fellowship, Hamburg 2009, Bernd Singer also became known abroad with his lecture "Personal Daily Horoscope (pDH)".
by Michael Feist, Hamburg
The 8 hypothetical Transneptunians of Uranian Astrology (TNP) are called "planets" for historical reasons. It started as an astrological research project of Alfred Witte, where he tried to discover the orbits of unknown planets.
However, it is more unlikely that new observed planetary bodies will obtain the status of a planet, today. So the usage of the title “Planet” for our hypothetical bodies will be not the state of the art, today. One reason is the new category of Dwarf Planets and the new definition of the "International Astronomical Union" about planets. The other reason is, that hypothetical astrological bodies were not yet confirmed by science, today.
For a few years, the term "Transneptunian Objects" (TNO) is used for a group of bodies in the Kupier Belt region. These objects are located beyond the Neptune with a distance between 30-50 astronomical units to the sun. At the moment, the "International Astronomical Union" published a list of more than 2400 TNOs.
For Uranian Astrology it is important to distinguish between hypothetical Transneptunians (TNP) and de facto Transneptunians (TNO), because only the Transneptunian "Cupido" is located in the Kupier Belt area. The hypothetical Transneptunians have solar distances with a larger range between 41-84 astronomical units to the sun, and both ranges are overlapping, see next image.
Nevertheless, comparing of the properties of TNPs and TNOs is interesting. Some TNOs possess similar properties to Cupido. At present no TNO is known, which is identical to the hypothetical "Cupido." However, the following similarities with Cupido can be currently stated:
4 TNOs have eccentricities from 0.004 to 0.005 e
39 TNOs have inclinations of 1.0 to 1.1°
17 TNOs have semi-axes from 40.9 to 41.1 AU
The low eccentricities of hypothetical Transneptunians have been questioned in the past and put forward as a counter-argument for its possible existence. However, the following TNOs are in the same range of eccentricity as Alfred Witte's Transneptunians:
JA132, YL179, UN284, OQ108, VB170, QU180
The eccentricities of Sieggruens Transneptunians are lacking, which in fact seems to be unrealistic. However, so far the value of eccentricity is also been missing in total of 126 TNOs. This simply means that astronomers need to work with unknown or very low eccentricities, too.
For more information on the de facto Transneptunians (TNO), please visit the following website of the "International Astronomical Union": List Of Transneptunian Objects
This research has made use of data and/or services provided by the International Astronomical Union's Minor Planet Center.